Definition of "tuberculosis."
It is an infectious disease that frequently affects the respiratory system and may invade other parts of the body.
It is transmitted by droplets in the air.
Factors that may increase the risk of tuberculosis.
Advanced age (decreased resistance to disease).
Close contact with an infectious person.
Crowded conditions with poor hygiene.
Signs and symptoms of tuberculosis.
Prevent spread of infection.
Cover mouth and nose with double-ply tissue when sneezing or coughing. (Provide "Effective Cough Techniques" handout.)
Dispose of tissues properly.
Wash hands thoroughly.
Keep environment clean and well ventilated.
Screen all family members of infected person for tuberculosis.
Eat a well-balanced diet.
Increase fluids to liquefy secretions and maintain hydration.
Obtain adequate rest to avoid fatigue.
Take medication as instructed, and report any side effects.
Isoniazid is given prophylactically.
Possible complications of tuberculosis.