Precautions regarding floors and shoes.
Floors should have even nonskid surfaces.
Throw rugs should be avoided.
Large area rugs should be well anchored or have nonskid surface.
Corrugated or crepe-soled shoes should be worn.
Firm, supportive shoes should be worn, not soft slippers.
Wipe up any spills immediately.
Avoid clutter on floors.
Precautions regarding stairs.
Height of stairs should be uniform, and treads should be even and covered with a nonskid surface.
Stairways should always be well lighted.
Hand rails should be present, placed securely and easily grasped.
A contrasting color along the edge of the tread can help differentiate the steps.
Precautions regarding electricity.
Condition of electrical appliances, cords, and plugs should be checked regularly.
Circuits should not be overloaded.
Electrical appliances should be kept away from bathtub or shower area.
Avoid any non-insulated wiring.
Precautions regarding lighting.
Lighting should provide even, general illumination.
Night lights are helpful to light the way to the bathroom.
Precautions regarding the telephone.
Enlarge or lighted dial can be helpful to see the dial.
Phone should be within easy reach day or night.
Emergency numbers should include doctor, police, fire department, ambulance, nearest neighbor, and relative.
Precautions regarding bathroom safety.
Toilet extender and hand rails can help a client who has difficulty getting up.
The bathtub and shower should have sturdy hand rails and ski-proof mats.
The hot water heater should not be set higher than 120 degrees.
Precautions regarding kitchen safety.
Long sleeves or loose night clothes should not be worn while cooking.
Any spills should be cleaned immediately.
Fire extinguisher should be kept nest to stove.
Controls to the stove should be easily accessible and readable.
If a step stool is necessary, if should have a wide base support.
Pot handles should be turned to the back of the stove.
Precautions regarding fire safety.
Smoke alarms should be placed on each floor of the home.
Alternate exits should be accessible in case of fire.
Client/care giver should never smoke in bed, or when sleepy.
Access to outside doorways should be free of obstruction.
Precautions to prevent automobile accidents.