Peptic Ulcer

  1. Anatomy and physiology of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.


  1. The esophagus extends approximately 10 inches from the throat to the stomach.

  2. The stomach is connected to the duodenum by the pyloric sphincter, which allows the partially digested food to pass only one direction.

  3. The duodenum is the first portion of the small intestine.

  4. The duodenum also receives secretions of the liver and pancreas.


  1. Definition of "peptic ulcer."



  1. Factors that may increase the risk of a peptic ulcer.



  1. Symptoms of peptic ulcer.



  1. Measures to prevent or control peptic ulcers.



  1. Signs and symptoms of possible complications related to peptic ulcer.