Glossary of Terms
movement away from the axis or midline of the body or one of its parts.
toward the axis or midline of the body or one of its parts.
nearer to or at the front of the body. Also called ventral.
loss of ability to express oneself properly through speech or loss of
a lack of muscular coordination, lack of precision.
the small hollow beneath the arm where it joins the body at the shoulders.
Also called the armpit.
the posterior part of the body; the dorsum.
deviation of the great toe that produces inflammation and thickening of
the bursa, bone spurs, and calluses.
fused bones at the end of the vertebral column.
ulcer-tissue destruction due to a constant deficiency of blood to tissues
overlying a bony projection that has been subjected to prolonged pressure
against an object such as a bed, cast or splint. Also called a bedsore or
a layer of dense connective tissue lying deep to the epidermis; the true
skin or corium.
farther from the attachment of an extremity to the trunk or a structure;
farther from the point of origin.
Indicating a position toward a rear part. Opposed to ventral.
a skin rash characterized by itching, swelling, blistering, oozing and
scaling of the skin.
the outermost layer of the skin, composed of stratified squamous
skin redness usually caused by engorgement of the capillaries in the lower
layers of the skin.
an increase in the anterior angle between two bones, except in extension
of the knee and toes, in which the posterior angle is involved; restoring
a body part to its anatomical position after flexion.
a groove, fold, or slit that may be normal or abnormal
folding movement in which there is a decrease in the angle between two
bones anteriorly, except in flexion of the knee and toes, in which the
bones are approximated posteriorly.
the great toe
paralysis of the upper extremity, trunk, and lower extremity on one side
of the body.
from the head or toward the lower part of a structure.
from the midline of the body or a structure.
any localized, abnormal change in tissue formation.
of the back and side between the ribs and pelvis.
nearer the midline of the body or a structure.
organ composed of one of three types of muscle tissue (skeletal, cardiac,
or visceral), specialized for contraction to produce voluntary or
involuntary movement of parts of the body.
a hard plate, composed largely of
keratin, that develops from the epidermis of the skin to form a
protective covering on the dorsal surface of the distal phalanges of the
fingers and toes.
of a cell or group of cells as a result of disease or injury.
of both lower extremities.
the baseline structure formed by the two pelvic(hip) bones, the sacrum,
and the coccyx.
located on the outer part or a surface of the body.
bones of a finger or toe.
nearer the attachment of an extremity to the trunk or a structure, nearer
to the point of origin.
skin disease characterized by reddish plaques or papules covered with
liquid product of inflammation containing leukocytes or their remains and
debris of dead cells.
of the two upper and two lower extremities.
the skin, also called hypodermic.
layer- a continuous sheet of loose connective tissue and adipose tissue
between the dermis of the skin and the deep fascia of the muscles.
on or near the surface of the body.
an open lesion of the skin or a mucous membrane of the body with loss of
substance and necrosis of the tissue.