Crohn's Disease/Ulcerative Colitis

  1. Definition of "ulcerative colitis."



  1. Factors that may increase risk of ulcerative colitis.



  1. Signs and symptoms of ulcerative colitis.



  1. Measures to prevent or control ulcerative colitis.


  1. Learn stress management techniques. (Provide "Relaxation Techniques" handouts.)

  2. Obtain adequate rest, especially after meals.

  3. Obtain adequate nutrition.

  1. Eat a high-calorie, high-protein, low-residue diet, as tolerated. (Provide "Protein in Diet" and "Increased Calories" handouts.)

  2. Avoid milk and milk products if lactose-intolerant.

  3. Avoid bowel irritants such as spicy foods, high-residue foods, or temperature extremes in foods.

  4. Avoid carbonated beverages, caffeine, and alcohol, which may increase intestinal motility.

  5. Eat small, frequent meals.

    1. Take medication as ordered.

    2. Take calcium, mineral, and vitamin supplements as ordered.

    3. Report any flu-like symptoms.


  1. Possible complications of ulcerative colitis.


  1. Dehydration.

  2. Malnutrition.

  3. Cancer of the colon.

  4. Anemia.

  5. Arthritis.

  6. Hemorrhage.

  7. Intestinal obstruction.