Coronary Artery Disease

  1.  Definition of "coronary artery disease."


  1. It is a narrowing or blockage of one or both of the coronary arteries causing a decreased blood and oxygen supply to the heart.

  2. Lack of oxygen may cause damage to the heart.

  3. The disease develops very slowly and may be very advanced before symptoms develop.

  4. The primary cause is atherosclerosis.

      1. Atherosclerosis is the buildup of fatty, fibrous plaques on the inner wall of the artery causing it to become narrow and hardened.

      2. Stages of atherosclerosis can range from fatty streak to a complicated lesion.


  1. Factors that may increase risk of coronary artery disease.



  1. Measures to prevent or manage coronary heart disease



  1. Possible diseases resulting from coronary artery disease.


  1. Myocardial infarction.

  2. Angina pectoris.

  3. Heart failure.

  4. Dysrhythmia.

  5. Cardiac arrest.