Central Venous Catheter

  1. Definition of "central venous catheter."



  1. Location and positioning of the catheter.



  1. Clamping of the catheter.


  1. The catheter must be clamped at all times when it is not in use, when catheter cap is changed, or when leak or break develops.

  2. Tubing needs to be protected by covering with foam tape before applying clamp directly on tubing.

  3. Clamp position should be changed frequently to avoid breaks in tubing.

  4. A second clamp should always be kept nearby in case of emergency.


  1. Proper procedure for dressing change.



  1. Procedure for catheter cap change.



  1. Possible complication and what to do.